Causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, part II: vascular abnormalities.

Upper GI also happens due to vascular abnormalities in the gastric and duodenal mucosa. Let’s review three: 1. Angiodysplasia (most common), 2. Dieulafoy’s lesion (associated with cardiovascular disease and NSAID use) and 3. GAVE -gastric antral vascular ectasia, associated with congestive gastropathy (due to portal hypertension, for example).

Click on the image to enlarge and download it.

Hope you enjoy learning and reviewing from this illustration. Expect the final part where we will review the management of upper GI bleed. See ya then!

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