Infective endocarditis diagnostic criteria / Endocarditis infecciosa, criterios diagnósticos.

Criteria can be quickly summarized in: Major clinical criteria (or pathological criteria) – Evidence of either valve damage or evidence of microorganisms within the bloodstream: Positive ecocardiography for infective endocarditis: vegetation, abscess, dehiscence of prosthetic valve. 2 separated positive blood cultures for typical IE microorganisms, or a single one for Cox. Burnetti. Minor clinical criteria…

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction pathophysiology.

Also known as “diastolic heart failure”. Heart failure is one of the most important causes of dyspnea and fatigue in patients who attend to the ED with this chief complaint. Dyspnea is mostly on exertion, along with orthopnea, increased nocturia (urination at night, having to wake up) and possible progressive lower extremity edema, specially at…

STEMI vs NSTEMI

Myocardial infarction / Infarto agudo de miocardio: The following illustration reviews the pathological and ECG differences between a myocardial infarction without and with ST segment elevation. Patients will visit the ED with chest pain compatible with angina pectoris, and will require assessment of atherosclerotic and cardiovascular disease risk. This will be reviewed in future posts….