Causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, part II: vascular abnormalities.

Upper GI also happens due to vascular abnormalities in the gastric and duodenal mucosa. Let’s review three: 1. Angiodysplasia (most common), 2. Dieulafoy’s lesion (associated with cardiovascular disease and NSAID use) and 3. GAVE -gastric antral vascular ectasia, associated with congestive gastropathy (due to portal hypertension, for example). Hope you enjoy learning and reviewing from…